The Graston Technique is a patented form of manual therapy. It is one of many manual therapy approaches that uses instruments with a specialized form of massage/scraping the skin gently to break up scar tissue and promote soft tissue mobilization. By agitating or irritating the fascial restrictions under the skin, the tools activate the natural inflammatory response in the body leading to increased blood flow and improved healing. This process encourages the tissue to lay down with proper fiber direction and tension, reducing pain and increasing mobility.
More specifically, the therapy aims to reduce the patient's pain and increase function by:
Breaking down the scar tissue and fascia restrictions that are usually associated with some form of trauma to the soft tissue (e.g., a strained muscle or a pulled ligament, tendon, or fascia).
Reducing restrictions by stretching connective tissue to rearrange the structure of the soft tissue being treated (e.g., muscle, fascia, tendons, ligaments).
Treatment time is usually 30 to 60 seconds per area treated. It is common for patients to experience some discomfort during the procedure (some feel a sense of relief with the discomfort), and bruising may also occur due to the changes caused by the microtrauma inflicted by the instruments (necessary to re-stimulate the healing cycle). The number of Graston treatments recommended can vary based on your individual need and your provider's assessment. This treatment is typically done 1-2x/week with a minimum of 48 hours in between sessions. Most patients see results within 3-4 sessions.